General Finishes Water Based Dye Stains – Empire Red 473 Ml
General Finishes Water Based Dye Stains – Empire Red 473 Ml penetrates deep into the wood to beautifully magnify the grain. It will provide your project with more depth and color vibrancy than any other wood stain. This product is excellent for highly figured woods like mahogany, walnut or maple. Dye stains can also be used as a toner when mixed with Water Based Topcoats.
Available on line at www.shabby.ie
General Finishes www.generalfinishes.com
Before applying stain, all raw wood projects require preparation sanding. If you skip this critical step, your finish may fail.
Preparation for Raw Wood Projects
See our video: How to Prep Sand Raw Wood
- Sand open-grain wood (e.g., oak, ash, mahogany, parawood) with 180-grit sandpaper followed by 220-grit sandpaper.
- Sand closed-grain wood (e.g., cherry, pine, maple, birch, alder) with 150-grit sandpaper followed by 180-grit sandpaper.
- Remove dust with a water-dampened rag or oil-free tack cloth.
- Do not over-sand with fine-grit sandpapers; this will close and seal the wood grain, preventing ideal color absorption.
- Do NOT use steel wool with water-based finishes; the particles will get trapped in the finish and rust.
Reducing Grain Raise on Raw Wood
To reduce grain raise, dampen the wood with water after prep sanding. Let dry completely, then lightly sand with fine-grade (220-320) foam sanding pad or 400-grit sandpaper.
General Finishes Dye Stain Application Steps
- Stir stain to reincorporate solids that have settled to the bottom of the can before and throughout the application process.
- If desired, thin stain with 10-15% General Finishes Extender to increase open time and allow for maximum flow and level, which is helpful in dry climates.
- An initial coat of General Finishes Pre-Stain Conditioner Natural can improve color uniformity over difficult-to-stain wood species such as pine. However, it will limit color absorption, so a darker stain may be required to get the depth of color you want.
- Test your complete finishing process beforehand. Stain color can be affected by variances in wood, room lighting, and deepened with the application of topcoat.
- Divide your project into manageable sections: top, side, drawer, door, table seam.
- Apply 1-2 coats. A second coat will create a deeper, richer color. Do not apply more than 2 coats.
- Hand application: Apply a LIBERAL amount of dye stain using a cloth, an acrylic bristle brush, foam brush, pad applicator or roller. Dye Stain penetrates the surface fast; if not enough stain is used, the surface may dry too quickly, causing an uneven appearance. Stain one complete section, such as a side, top, or drawer, and immediately wipe off excess evenly with a cloth, paper or shop towel before starting the next section.
- Spray application:Before spraying, strain topcoat through a fine-mesh filter. HVLP: 1.1mm-1.3mm spray tip, medium air cap. Verify tip sizes with your equipment supplier. See our general guide for spray tip sizes. Wear a full filter respirator (NIOSH/MSHA approved) and work in a ventilated space. Keep your gun at a 90* angle, 6-8″ from the surface. On large, flat areas, use wet, even patterns 6-8″ wide. For narrow surfaces, reduce the fan pattern to 2-3″ wide to reduce overspray. Overlap each pass of stain 50% for even coverage. If coverage is even, there is no need to wipe. If you have issues with uneven coverage, wipe back the excess with an absorbent cloth. Visit this FAQ for more information on spraying techniques.
- Dry 2+ hours between coats in ideal conditions: 70*F/20*C; 50-70% humidity. Inadequate dry time is one of the top reasons for finish failure. If in doubt, wait longer. Increase dry time if humidity is over 80%
- To accelerate drying in humid conditions, add General Finishes Acceleratorand work in a space with good ventilation and air movement. If you decide to re-coat before the recommended time, test dryness.
- Allow final coat to dry 2-4 hours in ideal conditions: 50-70% humidity, 70*F/20*C.
- Finish with 3 coats of General Finishes topcoat.